The future of financial advice is set to remain conflicted
Reading between the lines it appears the panel behind Australia's wide-reaching Financial System Inquiry believes all is not well in the financial advice industry, despite last year's implementation of the Future of Financial Advice Reforms, and subsequent amendments which are currently before parliament.
The interim Murray inquiry report found access to quality advice is being undermined by the existence of conflicted remuneration structures in the sector.
The inquiry is seeking input into several options for improving financial advice including the establishment of an enhanced public register of financial advisers, increasing ASIC's powers to ban individuals from managing a financial services business, raising minimum education and competency standards for personal advice (with a national examination), and the renaming of general advice as "sales" or "product information", with the term "advice" being restricted for use in relation to personal advice.
While the majority of these possible directions can only benefit both the industry and consumers, it is the last point that is most contentious.
As the interim report points out, there are around 54,000 financial advisers in Australia. Only around 15% of these advisers are independent, over half are owned by large vertically integrated financial institutions such as banks, and the remainder belong to dealer groups which have varying minority holdings by the large institutions. So the potential for conflicts of interest where advice is given by the same entities, or related entities, remains a major issue for the consumers.
While recent publicity concerning the Commonwealth Financial Planning cases has elevated the conversation about potential conflicts of interest, it is not entirely clear whether consumers are able to distinguish between independent advice and advice which is aligned with a product manufacturer.
Department of Finance
As a consequence there has been an on-going campaign to water down the FOFA legislation, removing the "opt-in" requirement where clients of financial advisers must indicate annually that they wish to continue the service, removing the need for an annual fee disclosure for clients engaging before 1st July 2013, and a watering down of the "best interest" duty and provisions directed at removing conflicted remuneration, that is the payment of commissions, on general advice.
Indeed, it was lobbying by the banks that led to the amendment of the FOFA legislation regarding to "general" as opposed to "personal" advice, that is, advice relating to products as opposed to advice which is tailored for individual needs.
The suggestion in the Financial System Inquiry's interim report is that there should be even greater clarification of advice, with the renaming of general advice as "sales" or "product information", with the term "advice" being restricted for use in relation to personal advice. The inquiry seems to reject the suggestion that such sales oriented activity should be exempt from licensing and coverage of FOFA requirements.
There may well be merit in such a direction as it would be advantageous to ensure that consumers are aware that the process of "sales" is different to "advice". However, if the individual performing this task is acting under the FOFA legislation anyway, where is the gain?
Professor Deborah Ralston works in the Department of Finance at Monash University and is the Executive Director of the Australian Centre for Financial Studies.
This article has appeared in The Conversation.